Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Who Invented the Steamboat

The era of the steamboat began in America in 1787 when inventor John Fitch (1743-1798) completed the first successful trial of a steamboat on the Delaware River in the presence of members of the Constitutional Convention.   Early Life Fitch was born in 1743 in Connecticut. His mother died when he was four. He was raised by a father who was harsh and rigid. A sense of injustice and failure wreathed his life from the start. Pulled from school when he was only eight and made to work on the hated family farm. He became, in his own words, almost crazy after learning. He eventually fled the farm and took up silversmithing. He married in 1776 to a wife who reacted to his manic-depressive episodes by raging at him. He finally ran off to the Ohio River basin, where he was caught and taken a prisoner by the British and the Indians. He came back to Pennsylvania in 1782, caught up with a new obsession. He wanted to build a steam-powered boat to navigate those western rivers. From 1785 to 1786, Fitch and competing builder James Rumsey raised money to build steamboats. The methodical Rumsey gained the support of George Washington and the new U.S. government. Meanwhile, Fitch found support from private investors then rapidly built an engine with features of both Watts and Newcomens steam engines. He had several setbacks before he built the first steamboat, well before Rumsey. The Fitch Steamboat On August 26, 1791, Fitch was granted a United States patent for the steamboat. He went on to build a larger steamboat which carried passengers and freight between Philadelphia and Burlington, New Jersey. Fitch was granted his patent after a legal battle with Rumsey over claims to the invention. Both men had invented similar inventions. In a 1787 letter to Thomas Johnson, George Washington discussed Fitchs and Rumseys claims from his own perspective: Mr. Rumsey . . . at that time applying to the Assembly for an exclusive Act . . . spoke of the effect of Steam and . . . its application for the purpose of inland Navigation; but I did not conceive . . . that it was suggested as part of his original plan . . . It is proper however for me to add, that some timeafter this Mr. Fitch called upon me on his way to Richmond and explaining his scheme, wanted a letter from me, introductory of it to the Assembly of this State the giving of which I declined; and went so [far] as to inform him that tho I was bound not to disclose the principles of Mr. Rumseys discovery I would venture to assure him, that the thought of applying steam for the purpose he mentioned was not original but had been mentioned to me by Mr. Rumsey . . . Fitch constructed four different steamboats between 1785 and 1796 that successfully plied rivers and lakes and demonstrated the feasibility of using steam for water locomotion. His models utilized various combinations of propulsive force, including ranked paddles (patterned after Indian war canoes), paddle wheels and screw propellers. While his boats were mechanically successful, Fitch failed to pay sufficient attention to construction and operating costs and was unable to justify the economic benefits of steam navigation.  Robert Fulton(1765-1815) built his first boat after Fitchs death and would become known as the father of steam navigation.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Music And Its Impact On Society - 2747 Words

Throughout the history of mankind, music has existed in an irremovable capacity in our existence. It has pervaded through every culture, every country and even through the deepest reaches of the dark void of space. Music has also existed in every religion known to the human race. But can music itself be considered a religion in its own right? Music is celebrated and revered by almost all who listen to it, and the health benefits associated with music are growing with every bit of research performed. It would seem appropriate that music would enjoy the status of a major religion, especially since very nearly every art form is bound to music in one way or another, and considering that without music our society as a whole would quite possibly cease to be in its entirety. To get a better idea behind the religion of music and what qualifies it for religious status, a closer look must be taken at three specific points. The music of the religious in terms of history, the music of culture an d country, and the music of our daily lives. One of the earlier examples of music being tied deeply to a society and to their religion is in ancient Greek mythology as well as their society. Not only is music in ancient Greece considered sacred, the very term music originated from the word Muse and the Muses, who in Greek mythology were the daughters of Zeus and the goddesses that represented the arts in all of their many forms, and even to the modern day many writers and musicians can be heardShow MoreRelatedMusic And Its Impact On Society958 Words   |  4 PagesMusic in Our Culture Although some may suggest music can only serve for entertainment, music imposes a direct impact on the ideals and actions of today’s culture. In the past, the music of a culture greatly impacts the people and speaks what the people felt afraid to express. Different types of music reach different areas of the human brain, thus affecting the way people act in various ways. Music possesses such a deep impact on human brains it affects the way we act and process different situationsRead MoreMusic And Its Impact On Society1340 Words   |  6 PagesThere are two pillars of society that have and always will be prevalent in civilizations. The first pillar being competition of power; society will always have individuals in charge of the decisions regarding the administration of their civilization. Secondly, being the self-expression of the human condition through music. Both concepts widely disparate, although both vital to the constitution of one’s identity and development of their life choices. A person’s life will always be altered due to interactionsRead MoreMusic And Its Impact On Society2251 Words   |  10 PagesIt seems that music has been in existence since humans have been on this earth. You can find music in all forms and styles. The types of music and preferences that people may have, can change depending on what city, state or even country you live in. The United States was founded on basic constitutional human rights. One of these rights is freedom of speech. Those who are talented musicians have used freedom of speech to be able to put into words, sound and feelings of the social injustices thatRead MoreMusic And Its Impact On Society908 Words   |  4 PagesResearch Music has been apart of society for a long time. It has benefited a lot of people in different ways. It is very exciting and interesting. Music creates new vibes, fashion trends, and can give great advice. Music is very motivational and inspirational. It may express emotions and new ideas for many people and is also meant to entertain and stimulate the mind. Music goes back to prehistoric times. Prehistoric music was also known as folk music. The origin of music is unknown. Some suggestRead MoreRap Music And Its Impact On Society884 Words   |  4 PagesThe impact music has on the life of people is very powerful. It can easily revamp the way people act and take control of people’s emotions. Rap music is a very common and popular type of music within the world today. Rap music has existed since the mid 1970s, nowadays it is practically everywhere. It is easily a central focus of many young people’s lives. Rap music was essentially intended to create a voicing of one’s frustrations and disappointment with society, it has recently taken a turn andRead MoreRap Music And Its Impact On Society1081 Words   |  5 PagesIt is everywhere. Rap music is widespread and easily available anywhere. It can be listened to on the radio at a train station, on the Internet, and on phones, permitting the youth to listen to it in variou s circumstances, either on their way to school or along with their friends. Music has always had a tremendous effect on cultures and societies around the world. It affects how people act, speak, and dress. In today’s society, rap music has become such a fundamental part of the lives of youth thatRead MoreMusic And Its Impact On Modern Society1470 Words   |  6 Pagesfactors is the musical score. In film, music takes the shape of sound effects or background accompaniment. It is also commonly added to pre-recorded footage creating an atmosphere or mood. Music may link scenes together, portray the true nature of certain characters, or serve as an indicator in foreshadowing or approaching disaster. There are essentially no rules when it comes to film music and a wide variety of tools are available for composition. In an opera, music is the heart of the composition andRead MoreThe Impact Of Music On American Society2238 Words   |  9 PagesThroughout its history, music has permeated the significant events of American history. Its effect on American society and the way the American people cope with each event has only grown as popular music evolves and new genres reach more and more individuals. People can remember where they were and their exact surroundings to amazing detail when asked about life-changing events in history. Older generations will remember the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Their children will remember when Kennedy was assassinatedRead MoreThe Impact Of Rap Music On Today s Society867 Words   |  4 PagesThe impact of rap music in today’s society is extremely substantial. Many Americans listen to rap music, even though different rap artist discuss various issues in their songs, it may influences their fans to do the same. A large amount of rap music contains explicit lyric s that describe illegal activities, aggression, and sexual content. Researchers from Iowa State University and the Texas Department of Human Services found that aggressive music lyrics increase aggressive thought and feelings, mightRead MoreThe Impacts of Technology on Music Recording Industry and Society1751 Words   |  8 PagesThe Impacts of Technology on Music Recording Industry and Society TV has restored the daily life of family, Photography has altered the way we look at the world, the computer has changed everything.† (Mark Katz, 2010) It is true the computer has converted everything into digital. Digital technology has also changed the ways of sound and voice recording. It has gradually led to the changes not only in the production of sound but also in the views of society

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Gilbert Ryle’s The Concept of Mind - 1107 Words

Gilbert Ryle’s The Concept of Mind Gilbert Ryle’s The Concept of Mind (1949) is a critique of the notion that the mind is distinct from the body, and is a rejection of the philosophical theory that mental states are distinct from physical states. Ryle argues that the traditional approach to the relation of mind and body (i.e., the approach which is taken by the philosophy of Descartes) assumes that there is a basic distinction between Mind and Matter. According to Ryle, this assumption is a basic category-mistake, because it attempts to analyze the relation betwen mind and body as if they were terms of the same logical category. Furthermore, Ryle argues that traditional Idealism makes a basic category-mistake by trying to†¦show more content†¦There are no mental processes which are distinct from intelligent acts. The operations of the mind are not merely represented by intelligent acts, but are the same as intelligent acts. Thus, an act of remembering, dreaming, knowing, or willing is not merely a clue to some hidden mental process or intellectual operation, it is how that mental process or intellectual operation is defined. A logical proposition is not merely a clue to a particular mode of reasoning, it is that mode of reasoning. Ryle rejects the doctrine that the will is a faculty within the mind, and the doctrine that volitions are mental processes which the human body transforms into physical acts. Ryle explains that this doctrine is an example of the myth that mental acts are distinct from physical acts, and of the myth that there is a mental world which is distinct from the physical world. This doctrine of separation between mind and body is referred to by Ryle as the dogma of the ghost in the machine. Ryle argues that there is no ghostly, invisible entity called the mind inside a mechanical apparatus called the body. The workings of the mind are not an independent mechanism which governs the workings of the body. The workings of the mind are not distinct from the actions of the body, but are conceptualized as a way of explaining the actions of the body. Ryle argues that, according to the traditional theory of the mind, mental acts are regarded as causing andShow MoreRelated Gilbert Ryles The Concept of Mind Essay2412 Words   |  10 PagesGilbert Ryles The Concept of Mind In The Concept of Mind Gilbert Ryle attempts, in his own words, to explode the myth of Cartesian dualism. His primary method in this endeavour is to explain why it is a logical error to describe minds and bodies with semantically similar language; while secondarily, he proposes that even to speak of minds as a second-order ontology is to take the first step in the wrong direction towards intellectual clarity. Thus, with the desire to arrive at this hypotheticalRead MoreEssay on Cartesian Dualism and Gilbert Ryle1899 Words   |  8 Pages Gilbert Ryle is well known in the philosophical world specifically as a behaviorist. According to Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy behaviorist are â€Å"followers in the ‘ordinary language’ tradition of analytic philosophy, while, for the most part, regarding behavioral scientific hopes as vain, hold views that are, in other respects, strongly behaviorists†(Hauser 1). In the middle of the twentieth century the ordinary langua ge behaviorist movement was strongly covered by Ryle and Wittgenstein. TheseRead More The Concept of Intelligence Essay3428 Words   |  14 PagesThe Concept of Intelligence ABSTRACT: Gilbert Ryle’s dispositional analysis of the concept of intelligence makes the error of assimilating intelligence to the category of dispositional or semi-dispositional concepts. Far from being a dispositional concept, intelligence is an episodic concept that refers neither to dispositions nor to ‘knowing how,’ but to a fashion or style of proceeding whose significance is adverbial. Being derivative from the function of the adverb ‘intelligently,’ the conceptRead MoreThe Theory Of The Mind Body Dualism1232 Words   |  5 Pagesscholastic Aristotelianism and created the first version of the modern mind-body dualism or emotion† (Encyclopedia Britannica). Born on March 31, 1596, he was dubbed as the Father of Modern Philosophy. His theory on the mind-body dualism, also known as Cartesian Dualism, created a stem of the modern problem of the relationship between the mind and body. He created the early version to further explain the interac tion of the mind and body, to create a firm foundation that can be explained through scienceRead MoreDescartes Teachings On Dualism977 Words   |  4 PagesDescartes sees the mind as an immaterial, non-physical soul. He believes that his thoughts can be altered but he can never be tricked into the thinking that he is thinking when he is not. While he has complete faith in the existence of his mind, he doubts the existence of his body and the existence of other people s minds. The reason for his doubt in his body is that he believes he can be tricked into perceiving himself as having a body when he in fact does not. Descartes sees the mind as separate fromRead MoreEssay on The Philosophy of Cognitive Science2158 Words   |  9 PagesThe Philosophy of Cognitive Science Psychophysical dualism — the distinction between mind and body — is the counterposition between essentially irreducible elements: the mind and body. Such a dualism implies the main ontological problem of the philosophy of cognitive science and philosophy of mind: the mind-body problem (MBP). The dualism and the referred-to problem has been insistently discussed in the philosophical tradition and several solutions have been proposed. Such solutions are properlyRead MoreCartesian Dualism vs Logical Behaviorism Essay1483 Words   |  6 PagesAre minds physical things, or are they nonmaterial? If your beliefs and desires are caused by physical events outside of yourself, how can it be true that you act the way you do of your own free will? Are people genuinely moved by the welfare of others, or is all behavior, in reality, selfish? (Sober 203). These are questions relevant to philosophy of the mind and discussed through a variety of arguments. Two of the most important arg uments with this discussion are Cartesian dualism and logical behaviorismRead MoreThe Mind Body Problem, By Rene Descartes Essay1331 Words   |  6 Pages Mind-Body Problem Oluwadamilola Kamson Philosophy 101: Introduction to Philosophy November 2016 INTRODUCTION The Mind-body problem dates back to Plato and was well received by the scholastic philosophers. However, it was Rene Descartes the famous French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist. The mind-body problem is not, of course, a single problem at all, but a large collection of problems which focuses upon the fundamental issue of reality and knowledge in so far as such analysisRead MoreThe Cartesian Theory Of Mind1648 Words   |  7 Pagesphilosopher responsible for many ideas and theories still used in the philosophical world today. He earned the nickname â€Å"Father of modern philosophy† for his work. One of his most in depth and lasting legacies is his â€Å"mind-body dualism† thesis also known as the Cartesian theory of mind. The Cartesian theory states that there are two different types of existence, physical and mental. Whatever exists must fall into only one of these existences and they cannot be both. This could be compared to theRead MoreThe Nature Of Mind By David Armstrong Essay1772 Words   |  8 PagesIn David Armstrong’s thought-provoking work titled, The Nature of Mind, he explains that the most convincing way to make sense of the mind-body problem is to approach it in a materialistic way. Specifically, Armstrong shows that the science of physico-chemical processes of the brain is the best way to explain the nature of our mind. He goes on to explain traditional and dispositional behaviorism, and states his own materialistic take on behaviorism. His arguments throughout his paper are very logical

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Personal Essay- College Transfer Essay free essay sample

I counted minutes for y favorite class to start and once it started, I used to get sucked into lectures so deep not realizing how time went by. I became aware and confidant about changing my major to psychology. Upon my second semester of my freshmen year, I learned from the administration that my school does not offer the major am now planning to pursue. In fact, my school does not even offer bachelors degree. I have visited Emory University this summer and even met with some psychology professors.I was impressed of Memorys highest ranking status among the other universities in southeast region. By attending Emory, I am looking forward in hoping to expand and extend my knowledge in psychology, participate in more psychology related work, and volunteer to work and cooperate with psychology professors. My intentions for transferring are simply for the academic and educational purposes. I have met many good people and made good friends at my currents school. We will write a custom essay sample on Personal Essay- College Transfer Essay or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page My professors are well educated.I originally choose GAP because it felt like home. It was neither populated, nor far from my house. However, am willing to push myself for new environment, adventures, and challenges. My academic achievement that shows in my transcripts proves of my ability to meet the standards and readily face the challenges of Emory University. The university and its program in psychology completely match my interests. Am hoping and looking forward in attending a program and pursue my bachelors degree in the field of psychology.

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Queer Aztlan essays

Queer Aztlan essays When one is raised in a Latin family, they are brought up with certain traditions and most importantly certain morals. And being a gay or lesbian is one of those morals, which one should never challenge. In the essay of Queer Aztlan, Cherrie Moraga explains the struggle she went through to find her self in a community that would not accept her kind. At the fore front of the Chicano movement, Cherrie was very eager to find her place. She knew that her voice was strong; the only hard part was that she wanted to express her views not only as young Chicana, but of a lesbian Chicana. In the essay Cherrie talks about the chicano movement and how it was a machismo dominated movement. The feminist voice was not heard, and openly gay men and lesbians were not accepted. Many critics believe that the movement died out in the seventies, but as Cherrie explains El movimiento did not die out in the seventies; it was only deformed by the machismo and homophobia of that era. At the time in the world AIDS was the big story on the news, and it seemed as though the media portrayed AIDS as a disease carried only by gay men. With the way the chiano community viewed gays and lesbians, Cherrie felt that there was no way she could address how she felt within in this barricaded community. The other main point Cherrie brings are her feelings towards Aztlan (Homeland). To her Aztlan gave language to a nameless anhelo inside me, Aztlan seemed like the heart of Chicano nationalism; the right to control there resources, language, and cultural traditions, these were the rights guaranteed to the people by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. She felt that the rights guaranteed were never rights at all, Aztlan was now in the hands of the Anglo, and the once sacred land; would never be sacred again. One could only agree with Cherrie as the theory of land is power was put to action after the Mexican-Ame ...

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Business environment Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Business environment - Coursework Example Such has been the effect of globalization that each and every products and services in the modern business environment are being designed keeping in mind the preferences and tastes of the global customers (Ekholm, Forslid and Markusen, 2007). The extent of globalization has surmounted to a degree where economic policies of each and every country are interdependent. This is precisely because of the fact that economic policies in one country have a corresponding impact on the country with which it shares significant trade relationships (Haskel, Pereira and Slaughter, 2007). It is with regards to the facts that have been mentioned above, the researcher believes the statement, â€Å"National boundaries have been surmounted by the phenomenon of ‘globalization’ and therefore, national governments are no longer able to promote independent economic policies† to be absolutely justified. In this study, the researcher will conduct an extensive qualitative research on literat ures that have been published surrounding the topic. By doing so, the researcher will be endeavouring to collect conclusive evidences justifying the credibility of the proposition stated above. Financial integration is considered to be a by-product of globalization by several researchers. The business activities that are conducted in the financial service sector have become heavily globalized. A noteworthy relevance can be found in the banking and insurance industries where each and every business activities have transcend every international boundary. For instance banks all over the world are heavily engaged in transactions which increase their exposure to various foreign exchanges (Naor, Linderman and Schroeder, 2010). Therefore, any unanticipated fluctuations in the foreign exchange rate could have adverse impact on a particular bank due to its exposure to that currency (Hopkins, 2011). That is why national governments have to be very careful while drafting monetary